Artists
The vast majority of KPM plaques are copies of well-known old masters and contemporary oil paintings.
The following is a list of artists whose works were most often used as inspiration by porcelain painters of late 19th and early 20th
century.

Becker, Carl Ludwig Friedrich (German, 1820-1900) - painted large elaborate scenes such as Othello Relating His Adventures
to Desdemona, Othello

Bos, Georges van den (Belgian, 1835-1911) - Not much known about this artist. See Bonheur Maternel

Bouguereau, William-Adolphe (French, 1825-1905) - one of the best academic painter, exhibited in the annual Paris Salons
for more than 50 years. His paintings of religious, mythological, and genre subjects were carefully composed and painstakingly
finished. Thus he opposed the admission of works by the impressionists to the Salon, because he believed that their paintings
were no more than unfinished sketches. After a period of neglect following his death, Bouguereau's paintings were returned to
view as part of a renewed interest in and reappraisal of academic painting and of Ecole des Beaux-Arts works in general. His
painting were widely reproduced on porcelain plaques. See
Contemplation, Psyche and Cupid, Cupid & Psyche as Children,
Virgin of Consolation, Heart's Awakening, Wasp's Nest, Cupid with a Butterfly

Cabanel, Alexandre (French, 1823-1889) - The winner of the Prix de Rome in 1845, he ranked with Bouguereau as one of the
most successful and influential academic painters of the period and one of the sternest opponents of the Impressionists.
The Birth of Venus (Musee d'Orsay, Paris) is his best-known work and typical of the slick and titillating (but supposedly chaste)
nudes at which he excelled. It was the hit of the official Salon of 1863, the year of the Salon des Refuses, and was bought by the
emperor Napoleon III, who gave Cabanel several prestigious commissions.

Gerrit Dou (Dutch, 1613-1675) - Dutch painter of small, meticulously detailed portraits, paintings of hermits, and scenes of
domestic life. He received part of his artistic training in Rembrandt's studio and is very highly regarded for his color and light
effects. See
Violin player

Defregger, Franz Von (Austrian, 1835-1921) - Genre and historical painter. Known for his popular pictures of Tyrolean life
which were widely reproduced on porcelain. See
Tyrolian Inn, Two Girls Listening to the Zitherplayer from the Alps, The Hunters'
Farewell

Elsley, Arthur (British, 1860-1952) - One of the most popular English artists who depicted childhood scenes in the late Victorian
and Edwardian periods.  His works were very popular during his lifetime, and many of his paintings were reproduced as prints, and
were often used in calendars, advertisements, books and magazines.  Some of them were also reproduced on plaques by
porcelain painters. See
Home Team  

Hofmann, Heinrich (German, 1824-1902)  - German historical painter. Born in Darmstadt, 1824. After studying in Dusseldorf
and at the Antwerp Academy, resided in Italy, 1854-58. Hofmann finally settled in Dresden in 1862, where he became professor of
art in the academy. While he chose his subjects from the whole field of literature and mythology, Hofmann is most widely known for
his idealized scenes from the life of Christ.
Several of these were extensively reproduced on porcelain especially his
Christ in the Temple, painted in 1882.

Jacomb-Hood, George Percy R. E.  (British, 1857-1929) - Born in Surrey, an accomplished painter and etcher, lived in London
but also travelled to work in Paris and India. His work included portraits and townscapes, including a number commissioned by the
Indian royal family. His drawings illustrated a number of magazines as well.  Member of the Society of British Artists.
See
Love's Awakening  

Kaulbach, Wilhelm von  (German, 1805-1874) - One of Germany's finest nineteenth century artists, received his first lessons in
painting from his father, a goldsmith. In 1821, Kaulbach enrolled in the Academy at Dusseldorf, first studying under and then
working with Cornelius. His first commissions for his work began in 1826, and in the following decades Kaulbach rose to become
Germany's best known oil and fresco painters of historical and genre scenes. See
Guardian Angel
An equally important aspect of Kaulbach's career was his work as a designer. In fact, he is now remembered more for his
illustrations of Shakespeare, Schiller and Goethe than for anything else.

Kiesel, Conrad (German, 1846-1921) - Originally trained as an architect, Conrad Kiesel then went on to be a sculptor in
Germany. Following a visit to Holland, Kiesel returned to Berlin to study painting and then moved home to Duesseldorf. Under the
tutelage of Wilhelm Sohn, Kiesel acquired his exquisite sense and technique for depicting fabrics and colors. In 1885 he settled in
Berlin as a portraitist and genre painter while at the same time maintaining his reputation as a sculptor. He attracted paintings
commissions from Emperor Wilhelm II and obtained an honorable professorship of the Berlin Academy of Arts. Throughout his life,
Kiesel submitted works at the annual Great Art Exhibition in Berlin and the Glass Palace Exhibitions in Munich. In 1900 he received
an honorable mention at the World Exhibition in Paris. See
Clementine, Ihr Liebling, Apfelblute

Kray, Wilhelm (German, 1828-1889) - Widely reproduced on porcelain. See Lorelei, Psyche, Psyche with Butterfly

Lossow, Heinrich (German, 1843-1897) - born and died in Munich. Studied at the Munich Academy. Painted genre scenes in
the style of Rococo, many of them very erotic. Lossow was also curator of the art gallery Schleissheim near Munich.
See
Toilette

Martens, Willem Johannes (Dutch, 1838-1895)  - Most famous work is Forbidden Kiss (Liefdesdroom). Not much known about
this artist except that he's often confused with Willem or Willy Martens from The Hague (born in 1856) who studied in Paris under
Bonnat and won an honorable mention in 1886 and in 1900 became a member of the Salon jury.

Murillo, Bartolome (Spanish, 1617-1682) - An artist whose many religious paintings emphasized the peaceful, joyous aspects of
spiritual life, Bartolome Murillo was the first Spanish painter to achieve renown throughout Europe. Most of Murillo's religious
paintings were reproduced on porcelain plaque, especially hid images of Virgin Mary. See
Our Lady of the Immaculate
Conception, Virgin Mary, St Rodriquez, Madonna.
Murillo is also known for his genre paintings of children. These painting were also often reproduced on porcelain plaques. See
Dice Players, The Toilette, The Little Fruit Seller, The Pie Eater, Grape and Melon Eaters

Netscher, Caspar (Dutch, 1635-1684) - The date and place of Netscher's birth is not certain, but most probably it was in Prague
in 1635 or 1636. According to one report he was taken, as a child, to Arnhem, where he first began his training as a painter with
Herman Coster, and then went to Deventer, to study with Gerard ter Borch. He certainly painted small genre scenes in the manner
of ter Borch. At the age of twenty-one he left for Rome but got no further than Bordeaux, where he married in 1659. By 1662 he
had moved to The Hague, where he spent the rest of his life. From then on he specialized in small, elegant, half-length portraits of
the aristocracy.  See
Man Writing a Letter

Riedel, August (German, 1802-1883) - painted many atractive portraits that were reproduced on porcelain. See Judith and
The Beauty of Albano

Sichel, Nathaniel (German, 1843-1907) - Specialized in Middle Eastern female portraits. See Theodore, Herodias

Thumann, Friedrich Paul (German, 1834-1908)  - Born in Gross Tzchackdsorf (Germany) and died in Berlin. Considered a
historical, portrait and genre painter from the German School. Thumann was also a print maker and illustrator. Began his formal
education in 1853 at the Berlin Art Academy under Professor D’Hubner in Dresden. In 1863, he was invited to study with Professor
Ferdinand Pauwels (1830-1904) at the Ecole d’Art in Weimar. Paul Thumann became a full professor at the Ecole d’Art in 1866.
Thurman came to the US in 1893 with his painting of Psyche at Nature's Mirror of which he sold the rights to White Rock.  He later
returned to Berlin. In 1879, awarded the Berlin Medallion. In 1880, elected to become a member of the Berlin Academy.
Many of his works were reproduced on porcelain. See
Art Wins Heart, Psyche at Nature's Mirror, Three Fates

Titian (1490-1576) - Considered to have been the greatest 16th-century Venetian painter, and the shaper of the Venetian
coloristic and painterly tradition. One of the key figures in the history of Western art.  See
Venus with a Mirror, Venus and Cupid
with an Organist

Van der Werff, Adriaen (Dutch, 1659-1722) - Painter of religious and mythological scenes and portraits, active mainly in
Rotterdam. He combined the precise finish of the Leiden tradition (learned from his master Eglon van der Neer) with the classical
standards of the French Academy and became the most famous Dutch painter of his day, winning international success and
earning an enormous fortune. Houbraken, writing in 1721, considered him the greatest of all Dutch painters and this was the
general critical opinion for about another century. He is now considered an extremely accomplished, rather sentimental and
repetitive minor master. His
Hagar and Ishmael banished from the house of Abraham  was extensively reproduced by KPM
porcelain painters.

Wertheimer, Gustave (Austrian, 1847-1904) - best known for his painting The Kiss of The Wave
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